Mexico city is the capital city of the same named country, Mexico. It was founded by the Aztecs around 1325. It was then known as Tenochtitlán until it was conquered by the Spanish in 1521. It is one of the oldest capitals in the Americas. The current population of Mexico city is over 21 million people, this makes it the 6th largest city in the world. The city is much like the USA’s capital in its own district and has an estimated GDP of 411.4 billion US dollars making it the most important economic hub of Mexico. Here are some of Mexico city’s architectural highlights.
Torre Mayor was the tallest towers until 2015. But it is still one of the prettiest buildings in Mexico City. It was completed in 2003 and is 55 storeys high. The building like all good skyscrapers is made up of steel and glass. The building has a curved glass facade facing the Paseo de la Reforma, a large street and on the opposite side a more held back concrete facade with small grid-like windows. The tower has a total height of 225 meters and was designed by Zeidler Partnership Architects and Executive Architects Adamson Associates Architects.
Museo Soumaya is one of the newest buildings in Mexico city and definitely one of the most spectacular. Finished in 2011 this new museum is the busiest museum in Mexico with around 1.1 million people walking through its doors every year. The art museum has a huge collection of prehistoric, 17th century and modern art in its collection. It was designed by PR-EE/Fernando Romero Enterprise and has a total area of 17,000m². The building’s form is a rotated rhomboid and its facade is covered in steel sheets.
Mexico’s National Autonomous University (UNAM)
Established in 1910 the UNAM is the largest university in Latin America. It is regarded as one of the best universities in the Spanish-speaking world. It was established by Justo Sierra as a predecessor to the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico.
One of the most recognisable buildings in Mexico city, built in 1958 by Felix Candela, it is one of the most influential constructional pieces ever designed. Made up of 8 cone shaped arches with large glass facade the building places with the connection of roof and facade and is a great example of modernist architecture by one of Mexico’s greatest architects.
The National Palace is the seat of the federal executive in Mexico. The ground where the palace is built has historically been the site where the ruling class built their palaces. Some of the materials of the building originate from the palace of Moctezuma II that once stood there. The building stands on the Plaza de la Constitución one of the most important squares in Mexico city. The current building is built in a baroque style and dates from the 16th century and was built by the Spanish.
Built on the same square as the Palacio Nacional, the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral is one of the oldest in the Americas. It was finished in 1813 and was built in a European Baroque style. It is a huge cathederal being 110m by 55meters. It is made mainly of stone and was designed by Claudio de Arciniega.
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